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Basic Survival Tips You might be thinking: a survival guide for what? Style Tips and Tricks We have all been there, had our breath taken away by stylish women and men. Fifty year ago, car were built fromtubular, aluminium spaceframe designs with the bodywork laid over the top like a skin.

However, the latest models are made from a Ingle-piece, carbon fibre, honeycomb construction, which is lighter and tronger than ever before. Carbon fibre ha aUowed designer to sculpt th chassis into whatever shap th y want, making the car more aerodynamically efficient than ver before, with the engine and suspension units attached. OThe first Formula 1 World Championship chassis were designed according to a tubular spaceframe construction. The internal framework bore all the stresses incurred on the car. Unlike the tubular chassis, the monocoque comprised a single piece of aluminium like a bathtub with a hole for the driver to sit in.

Mclaren designer John Barnard right] introduced the first carbon fibre monocoque chassis - a honeycomb 'safety cell' - vastly improving safety. During a pit stop, Shell fuel is pumped into the Ferrari F1 car atl 2 litres per second - 25 times faster than a forecourt pump. The synthetic oils hove been developed to maximise engine power without Increasing wear. It's made from up to 12 layers or carbon fibre 'mats', with each individual fibre fIVe times thinner than a human hair.

Shell How An F1 Car Works Booklet

In-between each carbon fibre layer is a honeycombShaped aluminium one, which increases the monocoque's rigidity. Carbon fibre is perfect for F1: twloe as hard as steel, yet five limes lighter. In , Sh. To make all these run. This, in men, is linked to around sensors and actuators, which control and monitor various parts of the car. The electronic control unit EClJ controls various systems on the car so that they work to maximum effect. The ECU controls the differential. Modem grand prix cars have electronic diffs, which monitor and control the difference in rotational speed between the rear wheels on entry and exit of comers.

The muttifunctional buttons at the top of the wheel adjust items when they are displayed on the LCD screens The LCD display screens show a range of information. Push this 10 apply the soeed limiter in the pit lane. A separate paddle controls the dutch during starts. The bottom dial allows the driver to adjust the front and rear braking bias, The engine's mapping can change completely from one circuit to the next, depending on how twisty or quick it is.

At Monaco for instance, the system helps the driver maintain greater control Over the throttle input, by making the first half of the pedal movement very sensitive and the latter half less sensitive. Tns grves the driver better throttle control in twisty comers. However, at a circuit like Monza the driver has to apply the throttle significantly quicker out of the chicanes, rather than applying ITgradually. In this case, the accelerator will be adjustec 50 that only a small movement will resut in full engine acceleration. There's no direct lirtk between the engine and accelerator; An actuator will 'sense' the throttle position and send a signal' to the engine control system, which then passes it onto the engine.

The ECU also controls the clutch and the gearbox.


The clutch is only controlled by the driver when starting the car from a standstill. After that, it's all down to the electronic systems. UnVI the s drivers onty had around three buttons - controlling the radio, driver's drink and the engines 'neutral' switch.

As cars became more complicated during the next decade, however. As well as steering, the average wheel nr::m offers fingertip control for many other functions see panel, below left.

How does a six-wheeled F1 car work? – The Tyrrell P34

They're made from materials including carbon fibre, aluminium, titanium and rubber. Taking into account all the controls, there are around separate items fitted to the wheel - which weighs just 1. One of the most complicated parts of the whole car is the snap-on connector that joins the wheel 10 the steering column. This must be robust enough to handle the steering forces, but also provide the electrical connecVons between the controls and the car.

RA safety regulations state that the driver must be able to exit the car within fIVe seconds, removing nothing except the steering whee.

Formula 1: A technical deep dive into building the world’s fastest cars

Almost every aspect of the car, including speed. F1 cars have two types of telemetry: microwave and real-time. Every time the car passes the pits, a 'burst' of data is transmitted to the team's computers on the pit wall. This contains about four megabytes of infonnation, gMng engineers a crucial insight into the car's performance. Then, when the car gets back to the pits, around 40 megabytes can be downloaded to a laptop that is plugged into the car. Like the average road car, the steering and clutch are the most obviou beneficiaries. Becau e of the huge loads placed on anFl car, it's extremely difficult to tum the wheel without orne kind of asst ranee.

So hydraulic are used to ea e the strain on the driver. And because they tend to be lighter than electrical. In order to achieve their staggering performance, Fl cars use carbon fibre brake discs, which can operate at massivety high temperatures. They will do this around times during a race. RA rules state that discs must be 28mm thick and mm in diameter; they weigh less than one kilogram each. Shells Formula 1 Technical Manager; Mike OJpson explains the basics of how a hydraulic system works: "The point of hydraulic fluid is to form a solid 'link' between two points - rather like a cable would.

It's pressurized to around bar 2, psi and is incredibly clean, allowing a solid 'Unk' to be maintained through the precision actuators.


He can lose up to 1. It can improve responsiveness from the moment you start using it. Doto is transferred from the car to the pits ot around four million bytes per second. It reaches eng ineers ot the speed of li,ght.

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The carbon fibre brake disc rotates at the same speed as the wheel, with the b! When the driver presses the brake pedal, a caliper grips the disc.

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